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Canada
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Good to know
City map Toronto
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    Good to know
    Toronto - a brief overview

    Toronto is one of the most multicultural cities in the world, and its swirl of different flavours plays a large part in shaping the destination’s rich, welcoming character. Its diversity, however, is by no means restricted to its population – sitting pretty on the shores of Lake Ontario, it’s somewhere that balances

    space-age architecture with mellow parkland, hipster bars with high-end boutiques and hushed modern art galleries with clattering food markets. More than two and a half million people call Canada’s largest city home, and it has strong claim to being the country’s cultural heart too.

    Flight and accommodation

    Discover
    Top 10 sights in Toronto
    ListMap
    Canada, Ontario, Toronto, Lufthansa, Travelguide, Travel Guide

    CN Tower

    301 Front Street W, Ontario
    M5V 2T6 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 416 868 6937
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Daily 0900-2230

    The city’s most instantly recognisable symbol, it remains a hugely popular visitor attraction. Gaze out at the view from what is still the tallest free-standing structure in the western hemisphere.

    Royal Ontario Museum

    100 Queens Park, Toronto, Ontario
    M5S 2C6 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 416 586 8000
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Sat-Thurs 1000-1730
    Fri 1000-1830

    A huge, all-encompassing gem of a museum, it focuses mainly on world cultures and natural history, with exhibitions on everything from dinosaurs to Canada’s First Peoples.

    Casa Loma

    1 Austin Terrace, Toronto, Ontario
    M5R 1X8 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 416 923 1171
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Daily 0930-1700

    Billed as ‘North America’s only castle’, this Gothic Revival-style mansion was built only a century ago by a local financier. The house and gardens remain an enjoyable visitor attraction.

    Ripley’s Aquarium of Canada

    288 Bremner Boulevard, Toronto, Ontario
    M5V 3L9 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 647 351 3474
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Daily 0900-2300

    Open since late 2013 and occupying a plum downtown location, this is the largest indoor aquarium in Canada with more than 5 million litres of marine and freshwater habitats.

    Toronto Zoo

    2000 Meadowvale Road, Toronto, Ontario
    M1B 5K7 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 416 392 5929
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Daily 0900-1900 (May-Aug)
    0930-1630 (Nov-Dec)
    Mon-Fri 0930-1630
    Sat-Sun 0930-1800 (Sep-Oct)

    A comprehensive zoo with a substantial conservation programme, it has more than 5,000 animals from various corners of the world.

    Ontario Science Centre

    770 Don Mills Road, Toronto, Ontario
    M3C 1T3 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 416 696 1000
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Mon-Fri 1000-1600
    Sat-Sun 1000-1700

    Open since the 1960s – and originally one of the world’s first look-and-touch interactive museums – the centre has modernised to offer plenty to the modern visitor.

    Art Gallery of Ontario

    317 Dundas Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M5T 1G4 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 416 979 6648
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Tue and Thurs-Sun 1000-1730
    Wed 1000-2030

    Standing behind a strikingly modern facade designed by Frank Gehry, this excellent gallery has a collection of 80,000 works spanning various continents, styles and centuries.

    Hockey Hall of Fame

    30 Yonge Street, Toronto, Ontario
    M5E 1X8 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 416 360 7765
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Mon-Sat 0930-1800
    Sun 1000-1800 (Jul-Aug)
    Mon-Fri 1000-1700
    Sat 0930-1800
    Sun 1030-1700 (Sep-June)

    A museum and hall of fame in one, this perennially popular attraction details the history of Canada’s favourite sport. It’s heaven for fans, and interesting for those curious about the local passion.

    Bata Shoe Museum

    327 Bloor Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M5S 1W7 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 416 979 7799
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Mon-Wed and Fri-Sat 1000-1700
    Thurs 1000-2000
    Sun 1200-1700

    One of Toronto’s – indeed Canada’s – quirkiest attractions, the museum follows the steps of footwear from ancient Egyptian footwear to high-heeled fashion accessories. Its tagline is ‘For the Curious’.

    Canada’s Wonderland

    9580 Jane Street, Vaughan, Ontario
    L6A 1S6 Toronto
    Canada
    Tel: 905 832 8131
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Daily 1000-2200 (late Jun-Aug)

    A summer magnet for families and g-force lovers, this is a large-scale theme park with rides including Leviathan, Vortex, Shockwave and Behemoth. Planet Snoopy is on hand for younger visitors.

    Flight and accommodation

    Good to know
    Country information

    Country overview

    From Banff to Baffin Island, from Tofino to Toronto, Canada is a remarkable country. The world’s second largest country boasts an astonishing diversity of landscapes: rugged, unspoilt coastline abuts immense forests and emerald lakes containing a startling array of wildlife; vast, seemingly endless prairies become jaw-droppingly beautiful mountain ranges;

    laid-back, cosmopolitan cities are complemented by remote, quirky outposts. Whether you’re a hardcore adrenaline junkie looking for a backcountry adventure, an explorer heading out on a big road trip, a city lover hunting for cutting-edge culture and fine cuisine or a combination of all the above, Canada ticks all the boxes.

    Geography

    Canada is the second largest country in the world after Russia, covering an area of 9,984,670 sq km (3,855,103 sq miles). It is bordered to the west by the Pacific Ocean and Alaska, to the east by the Atlantic Ocean, to the northeast by Greenland (across the Nares Strait), and to the south by the ‘Lower 48′ states of the USA. The polar ice cap lies to the north.

    Canada stretches 4,634km (2,879 miles) from its northernmost point on Ellesmere Island, Nunavut to its southernmost point on Middle Island, Lake Erie, Ontario. The longest distance east to west is 5,514km (3,426 miles) from Cape Spear, Newfoundland and Labrador to the Yukon-Alaska border.

    Canada also has the world’s longest coastline at 202,080km (125,566 miles). The country’s highest mountain with a peak at 5,959m (19,550ft) is Mt Logan in the Yukon Territory.

    The landscape is diverse, ranging from the Arctic tundra of the north to the great prairies of the central area. Westward are the Rocky Mountains, and in the southeast are the Great Lakes, the St Lawrence River and Niagara Falls. The country is divided into 10 provinces and three territories.

    General knowledge

    Key facts

    Population: 35158300

    Population Density (per sq km): 4

    Capital: Ottawa.

    Language

    Canada is officially bilingual (English and French). The use of the two languages reflects the country’s mixed colonial history – Canada has been under both British and French rule. However, while the federal government must operate in both languages as much as is practical, use of each language outside government varies widely across the country.

    In almost all of the province of Québec, as well as parts of New Brunswick and Ontario, French is the dominant language; in most of the rest of the country, English predominates. Montréal, Ottawa and Moncton have large concentrations of

    fluently bilingual people. Immigration has also changed the language picture considerably; while not official languages, Chinese, Hindi, Punjabi, Arabic and other languages are often heard on the streets of Canada’s largest cities.

    Currency

    Canadian Dollar (CAD; symbol C$) = 100 cents. Notes are in denominations of C$100, 50, 20, 10 and 5. Coins are in denominations of C$2 and 1, and 25, 10, 5 cents. Although the 1c coin (or penny) remains legal tender, as of 2013 it is being phased out of circulation.

    Electricity

    110-120 volts AC, 60Hz. American-style flat two-pin and three-pin (grounded) plugs are standard.

    General business opening hours

    Mon-Fri 0900-1700.

    Public holidays

    Below are listed Public Holidays for the January 2014-December 2015 period.

    Note

    Holidays falling on the weekend are often observed the following Monday.

    2014

    New Year’s Day: 01. January 2014
    Good Friday: 18. April 2014
    Easter Sunday: 20. April 2014
    Victoria Day: 19. May 2014
    Canada Day: 01. July 2014
    Labour Day: 01. September 2014
    Thanksgiving Day: 13. October 2014
    Remembrance Day: 11. November 2014
    Christmas Day: 25. December 2014
    Boxing Day: 26. December 2014

    2015

    New Year’s Day: 01. January 2015
    Good Friday: 03. April 2015
    Easter Sunday: 05. April 2015
    Victoria Day: 25. May 2015
    Canada Day: 01. July 2015
    Labour Day: 07. September 2015
    Thanksgiving Day: 12. October 2015
    Remembrance Day: 11. November 2015
    Christmas Day: 25. December 2015
    Boxing Day: 26. December 2015

    Flight and accommodation

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    Nightlife in Toronto
    ListMap

    If you know where to look, this is a city with a phenomenally eclectic range of nightlife options – and again, the city’s

    international flavours do much to shape the diversity that’s on offer.

    Black Hoof Cocktail Bar

    923 Dundas Street W
    M6J 1W3 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Does what the name suggests, and in some style, serving up everything from oak-aged gin martinez to guajillo margarita.

    Indie Alehouse

    2876 Dundas Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M6P 1Y8 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    A mecca for craft beer fans, this small-batch brewer has an ever-changing list of beers on tap – there’s food too.

    EFS

    647 King Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M5V 1M5 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    A rooftop patio aimed at a classy, mature crowd – the name stands for ‘Everything for Sale’.

    Uniun Nightclub

    473 Adelaide Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M5V 1T1 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Where to head for a lively house/techno experience, with regular international and local DJs.

    Archive

    909 Dundas Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M6J 1V9 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    A laid-back wine bar, perfect for those who enjoy a decent tipple without dressing to the nines.

    Flight and accommodation

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    Restaurants in Toronto
    ListMap

    Toronto’s multiculturalism translates into some seriously impressive dining options, whether you’re eating cheap, going upscale or just in search of some home-cooked comfort food.

    Bosk

    188 University Avenue, Toronto, Ontario
    M5H 0A3 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Price: Expensive

    Set within the Shangri La Hotel, this offers quality fine dining.

    Scaramouche

    1 Benvenuto Place, Toronto, Ontario
    M4V 1H3 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Price: Expensive

    Long one of Toronto’s best, with elegant French cuisine.

    Lisbon by Night

    802 Dundas Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M6J 1V3 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Price: Moderate

    A Portuguese restaurant with an excellent reputation for its seafood.

    Richmond Station

    1 Richmond Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M5H 3W4 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Price: Moderate

    A much acclaimed neighbourhood restaurant with inventive dishes.

    Cheesewerks

    56 Bathurst Street, Toronto, Ontario
    M5V 2P7 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Price: Cheap

    A cheese-themed menu makes it a winner with families.

    Flight and accommodation

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    Calendar of events

    Harbourfront Centre Summer Festivals

    17 May – 13 October 2014
    Website

    Venue: 231 Queens Quay West.

    The Harbourfront Centre is a showpiece venue where a profusion of entertainments and shows from around the world are assembled and presented at a summer-long series of festivals. Many new and returning acts are featured and each weekend is themed to provide an in-depth exploration of music and culture from a different part of the world. The festivals are complemented by dance, film, food, theatre, visual arts, craft sales, workshops and fun-filled hands-on activities for festival goers of all ages. An International Marketplace offers an exotic array of goods on weekends, when a World Cafe provides tasty international cuisine from the centre of the bustling festival site. On Wednesday evenings from June to early August, moviegoers can enjoy selected films for free.

    Toronto International Film Festival

    4 – 14 September 2014
    Website

    Venue: Various venues.

    The Toronto International Film Festival has become the launching pad for the best of international, Hollywood and Canadian cinema, and is recognised as the most important film festival after Cannes. Celebrities from around the world congregate in the city during September for a sparkling round of premiers, parties and galas. Expect to see the likes of Johnny Depp, Ryan Gosling and Robert De Niro being ushered between film premiers.

    Toronto Ukrainian Festival

    12 – 14 September 2014
    Website

    Venue: Bloor West Village.

    Traditional Ukrainian weddings, Ukrainian ceremonial clothes, Ukrainian music, Ukrainian films, Ukrainian dancing – if it’s remotely Ukrainian it’s here at the Toronto Ukrainian Festival! This dazzling display of all things Ukrainian celebrates the country’s culture and, with typical Ukrainian hospitality, everyone is invited to join in. Canadian and American performers join in to provide entertainment for all ages on the shores of Lake Ontario.

    Royal Agricultural Winter Fair

    7 – 16 November 2014
    Website

    Venue: Exhibition Place.

    Since its inception in November 1922, The Royal Agricultural Winter Fair has become the world’s largest indoor agricultural and international equestrian competition. Expect to be entertained by rodeos, dogs shows, horse shows and farmyard exhibits. For animal fans it’s the ultimate shopping paradise, with an array of stalls selling everything from home accessories to tack and clothing – and with hundreds of locals producers offering regional specialities, you won’t go hungry either.

    Cavalcade of Lights

    29 November 2014
    Website

    Venue: Nathan Phillips Square.

    This glittering annual extravaganza kicks off Toronto’s holiday season with the first lighting of Nathan Phillips Square and its exquisite Christmas tree, energetic live music performances and a kaleidoscopic fireworks display. In winter, the square’s tranquil reflecting pool is transformed into a lively outdoor ice rink. Hire skates and glide beneath a canopy of twinkling stars strung below the Freedom Arches.

    Winter Wonderland Parade

    1 – 31 December 2014

    On the first Saturday of December, visitors can witness the beautiful spectacle that is Ontario’s annual Winter Wonderland Christmas Parade. It is the largest Christmas Parade in the region, and despite the cold, many spectators gather to watch the local entries of floats and marching bands.

    Winter/Summerlicious

    4 – 20 January 2015
    Website

    Venue: Participating restaurants

    For food fanatics everywhere, Toronto is the place to be in early February and July. Summerlicious, the first two weeks of July, and Winterlicious, the first two weeks of February, are held during the two times of the year when restaurant attendance is typically poor. During the festival, a series of major restaurants across the city offer a limited menu of prix fixe dinners at discounted prices. Lunches usually vary from $15 to $30 while dinners run from $25 to $45 per person. Launched in 2003, these two events were promoted in an effort to help Toronto recover from tourism decline.

    Winterlicious

    30 January – 12 February 2015
    Website

    Venue: Various venues.

    For the past 10 years, Toronto’s winter foodie celebration has proved to be highly successful. Winterlicious offers two programmes to savour. The Culinary Events series features unique experiences celebrating diverse cuisine, while the Prix Fixe promotion serves up delicious three-course menus.

    Toronto International Dragon Boat Race Festival

    1 – 30 June 2015

    Established in 1989, the International Dragon Boat Race Festival is a two-day event that takes place late June in Toronto Centre Island. With over 5,000 athletes on 180 to 200 teams, the race is designed to evoke team spirit and community amongst the players. Teams are not only from Canada, but also come from the U.S., the Caribbean Islands, Europe, and Asia. During the event, spectators can enjoy booths that display performances by Toronto-based artists of various Caribbean and Latin American cultures.

    Pride Week

    21 – 30 June 2015
    Website

    Venue: Downtown area.

    Up to a million people take to the streets to enjoy this week-long, fun festival of arts and culture celebrating humanity’s diverse sexual and gender identities, histories, cultures, families, friends and lives. Within this broad remit, there is music and theatrical entertainment on 10 stages, a weekend street fair, a Dyke March and a keynote Pride Parade with prizes for the best and most fabulous entrants. Toronto’s Pride Week, the largest in Canada and one of the largest in the world, commences with The Pride Week Proclamation and Flag Raising Ceremony at Toronto City Hall at 12 noon.

    Toronto Fringe Theatre Festival

    2 – 13 July 2015
    Website

    Venue: Various venues.

    Toronto’s largest theatre and performance festival, this draws 90,000 people over 12 days every year to see more than 155 productions. Events range from dramas to musical extravaganzas to improv and take place in local theatres as well as in unusual spots: playgrounds, parking lots and more. A FringeKids! venue hosts several plays exclusively for children and families. The festival also has a beer tent, two outdoor patios and a free nightly cabaret.

    Caribbean Carnival Toronto

    17 July – 5 August 2015
    Website

    Venue: Exhibition Place and various locations.

    Bringing the taste and colour of the Caribbean to Canada, the Caribbean Carnival Toronto is a whirl of music, cuisine and revelry over a three-week period. As the largest cultural festival of its kind in North America, the streets come to life with calypso, soca, reggae, hip hop and brass bands as well as visual and performing arts. Since it began in 1967, Caribana has expanded to embrace the communities of Jamaica, Guyana, the Bahamas, Brazil and other cultures represented in Toronto.

    Beaches International Jazz Festival

    18 – 20 July 2015
    Website

    Venue: Various Toronto beaches.

    Jazz musicians from around the world congregate on Toronto’s beaches and lakeside parks for this annual international outdoor festival. Enjoy an eclectic mix of concerts from world-renowned and emerging artists, including swing, dixieland, Latin-inspired tunes and cracking big band performances. A highlight is Streetfest, where Canadian bands entertain the crowds along a 2km (1.2-mile) stretch of Queen Street East.

    Tennis Masters Canada (Women)

    1 – 10 August 2015
    Website

    Venue: Uniprix Stadium, Montreal.

    The Rogers Cup Men’s event and the Rogers Cup Women’s event are each important legs of the ATP Masters Series. They rotate each year between the Rexall Centre in Toronto and the Uniprix Stadium in Montreal. The women’s event attracts the top names in tennis, drawn by big prize money. Record crowds turn up to watch this competition, but there is more than just tennis on offer. The Rogers Cup mixes sport and culture and includes music concerts, Tennis in the Street, and spectacular opening ceremonies.

    Toronto Queer West Fest

    7 – 10 August 2015
    Website

    Venue: Various venues in Parkdale and Queen Street.

    Toronto’s Queer Arts Festival welcomes all genders and sexualities. Events range from a community fair, bike ride, and guest speaker presentation to the pulsating opening and closing night parties. The main aim of this colourful 9-day bash, though, is to celebrate gay arts and culture in the city. With dedicated exhibitions, installations and workshops run by artists involved with the Queer West Arts and Culture Centre, it’s the most colourful cultural event in Toronto’s packed calendar.

    Flight and accommodation

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    Hotels in Toronto
    ListMap

    A city as big and bold as Toronto is always going to have a ready choice of fantastic places to stay – and so it proves.

    Big or boutique, funky or no-frills, deluxe or down-at-home, Toronto’s hotel stock has it all.

    Trump International Hotel & Tower Toronto

    325 Bay St, Toronto, Ontario
    M5H 4G3 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Category: Expensive

    This five-star property has more than 250 rooms and is renowned for its service levels.

    Drake Hotel Toronto

    1150 Queen Street W, Toronto, Ontario
    M6J 1J3 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Category: Moderate

    A self-proclaimed ‘hotbed for culture’, this is a fun, fresh, stylish choice.

    Stay Inn

    560 Evans Avenue, Toronto, Ontario
    M8W 2W1 Toronto
    Canada
    Show on map

    Category: Cheap

    An affordable option located reasonably close to the downtown area.

    Flight and accommodation

    Good to know
    Best time to visit

    Today: Thursday, 23.10.2014 15:00

    cloudy

    temperature


    8°C


    46°F

    wind direction

    west

    wind speed

    15 mph

    humidity

    75%

    7 days forecast

    Friday

    24.10.2014

    14°C / 6°C

    57°F / 43°F

    Saturday

    25.10.2014

    15°C / 7°C

    59°F / 45°F

    Sunday

    26.10.2014

    12°C / 6°C

    54°F / 43°F

    Monday

    27.10.2014

    15°C / 6°C

    59°F / 43°F

    Tuesday

    28.10.2014

    16°C / 10°C

    61°F / 50°F

    Wednesday

    29.10.2014

    13°C / 7°C

    55°F / 45°F

    Thursday

    30.10.2014

    9°C / 2°C

    48°F / 36°F

    Climate & best time to visit Canada

    If you’re planning on skiing or enjoying winter sports, the best time to visit Canada is between December and April, though some resorts open as early as November and extend their seasons as late as June (or even July on Whistler’s glacier). If you want to enjoy the great outdoors without the snow, travel between May and September. Be aware however, that if there’s been heavy snowfall during the winter, some high-altitude hiking trails may be closed well into July. May, June and September are typically cheaper than July and August, but you’ll get the best of the weather in the latter two months.

    Summer thunderstorms are common throughout Canada. Occasionally, these may become severe. Tornados also occur throughout Canada, with May to September being prime months. The peak season is June and early July in southern Ontario, Alberta, southeastern Quebec, and a band stretching from southern Saskatchewan and Manitoba, through to Thunder Bay. The interior of British Columbia and western New Brunswick are also tornado zones. Earth tremors occur in the western mountains. Forest fires can occur at any time, regardless of the season, particularly in the grasslands and forests of western Canada.

    Flight and accommodation

    Good to know
    Phone calls & Internet

    Telephone/Mobile Telephone

    Dialing Code: +1

    Telephone

    Most public telephones charge 50 cents a call, which can be paid with any combination of five-, 10- and 25-cent coins. Public telephones are becoming harder to find, due to the growing popularity of mobile phones. Many telephone companies offer a reduced long-distance rate Mon-Fri 1800-0800 and Sat 1200 to Mon 0800. For long-distance calls, telephone cards are available. You can find credit card telephones in larger centres. If you’re near an internet café, you can use Skype too.

    Mobile Telephone

    Roaming agreements exist with most international mobile phone companies. Coverage is good in major urban areas, but spotty in remote locations. Roaming rates can be high, so you should check with your provider before leaving home.

    Internet

    Available throughout Canada, as are internet cafes (although the latter are not as common as they are in many other countries). You can often find pay-per-use Wi-Fi hotspots in coffee shops, fast-food outlets and airports; in some cases it’s free as long as you buy a drink or something to eat. Free public Wi-Fi is easiest to find in public libraries. Some hotels provide free Wi-Fi too, but others continue to charge exorbitant daily fees.

    Flight and accommodation

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    Shopping in Toronto
    Stadtführer, Lufthansa, Travelguide, Shopping, Einkaufen

    Key Areas

    The city’s main shopping drag is Queen Street West, where you’ll find everything from comic-book shops to hot new design boutiques, alongside a whole host of more familiar stores. If haute couture’s your thing, the stylish Bloor-Yorkville neighbourhood is where to head.

    Markets

    Kensington Market (Kensington Avenue) is a warren of vintage stalls and retro retailers, making it a great bet for one-off finds,

    while a complex of a very different kind – St Lawrence Market (92-95 Front Street East) – is where to come when you’ve worked up an appetite. It’s considered one of the world’s best food markets.

    Shopping Centres

    The inescapable Eaton Centre (220 Yonge Street) is right in the heart of downtown affairs and houses more than 230 retailers. Elsewhere, the vast Yorkdale Shopping Centre (3401 Dufferin Street) is another important mall, playing home to – among others – the famous department store Holt Renfrew.

    Flight and accommodation

    Good to know
    Traveller etiquette

    Social Conventions

    Handshaking predominates as the normal mode of greeting. Close friends often exchange kisses on the cheeks, particularly in French-speaking areas. Codes of practice for visiting homes are the same as in other Western countries: flowers,

    chocolates or a bottle of wine are common gifts for hosts, and dress is generally informal and practical according to climate. It is common for black tie and other required dress to be indicated on invitations. Exclusive clubs and restaurants often require more formal dress. Smoking has been banned in most public areas.

    Flight and accommodation

    Good to know
    Health

    Main emergency number: 911

    Food & Drink

    Tap water is safe to drink and food safety standards are high. If camping in the backcountry, you should be aware of the risks of giardia, where water in streams or lakes has been contaminated by animal waste. This can cause diarrhoea, vomiting and headaches. Ensure you boil, filter or purify water first; purification tablets are easy to buy in any outdoor equipment store. You should also be aware of the dangers of eating shellfish directly from the sea, which can cause paralytic shellfish poisoning, resulting in illness or death. Check locally before you travel.

    Other Risks

    Summer can bring extremely high temperatures, so you should guard against the problems of heat and sunstroke. Wear sunscreen to prevent sunburn, particularly on days when the widely publicised UV rating is high. (Remember that sunburn can be a risk in winter too, especially if you’re skiing, when the high altitude and reflection from the snow can be a potent combination.) In winter, on the other hand, temperatures can be bitterly cold and frostbite is a real risk; ensure you wear multiple layers and a hat, and cover your face when outdoors.

    Rabies is present in animals. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay.

    An outbreak of hepatitis A was reported in Vancouver Island in 2011, but most cases have been confined to one cultural group on the island. Vaccination against hepatitis A is not advised unless you’re visiting the outbreak area.

    If walking in tick-infested woodland and brush areas, you should be aware of the risk of Lyme disease. Ensure you cover bare skin (tucking in all clothes), use insect repellent containing DEET and remove any attached ticks using tweezers. The disease is transmitted from the bites of the western blacklegged tick in British Columbia and the blacklegged or deer tick in other parts of Canada. Since 2010, there has been an increased risk in southern Quebec due to newly discovered populations of ticks carrying the bacterium that causes Lyme disease. The first symptom is usually a circular rash, accompanied by fatigue, chills, fever, headache, muscle and joint pain and swollen lymph nodes. You should seek treatment as soon as possible as symptoms can worsen if left untreated, though fatalities are rare.

    Flight and accommodation

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