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Luxembourg
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Good to know

City map Luxemburg

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    Luxembourg - a brief overview

    Being practically pocket-sized in capital city terms, Luxembourg is on a manageable scale and never seems to be overrun, despite it being home to numerous EU institutions and the European headquarters of several multinationals. Its breathtaking strategic site around two adjoining gorges is reason enough to visit.

    Get there and you’ll find the UNESCO World Heritage Old Town may be small, but it still finds space for an above-average selection of designer boutiques, luxury hotels and chic restaurants amid the centuries-old architecture. And the lower town boasts enough bars and nightclubs to keep the most hardened night owl entertained.

    Flight and accommodation

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    Top 10 sights in Luxembourg

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    Luxemburg, Mudam, Lufthansa, Travel Guide, Travelguide

    MUDAM

    3 Park Dräi Eechelen
    L-1499 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Tel: 453 7851
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Wed-Fri 1100-2000
    Sat-Mon 1100-1800

    A symphony in polished limestone and glass, the I.M.Pei-designed Museum of Modern Art is a masterpiece of modern architecture, and the equal of the exhibits showcased within.

    Villa Vauban

    18 avenue Emile Reuter
    L-2420 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Tel: 4796 4900
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Wed-Thurs and Sat-Mon 1000-1800
    Fri 1000-2100

    Built by a business tycoon in the mid-19th century, this grand white mansion in the city centre with its manicured lawns has been fully renovated, and in its new life is home to one of the city’s best art galleries.

    Place de la Constitution

    Place de la Constitution
    Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    There are grand views of the city’s remarkable setting from many lookouts, but few can rival those from Constitution Square, watched over by the Gëlle Fra (golden lady) monument – a national symbol of freedom.

    Grand-Ducal Palace

    17 rue du Marché-aux-Herbes
    L-1728 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Tel: 474 8741
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Guided tours Jul-Aug; buy tickets through city tourist office

    Small by European palace standards perhaps, but the Grand Duke’s ceremonial home is fabulously decorated with vaulted ceilings, sweeping staircases, frescoes and glitzy chandeliers.

    Bock Casemates

    10 Montée de Clausen
    L-1343 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Daily 1000-1700 (Mar-Oct)

    To defend the city in the 18th century, many kilometres of caverns were cut out of the rock below the Old Town. At their peak, this maze of rock tunnels was home to thousands of soldiers and all their equipment, and this section can be explored.

    National Museum of History and Art

    Marché-aux-Poissons
    L-2345 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Tel: 479 3301
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Tue-Wed and Fri-Sun 1000-1800
    Thurs 1000-2000

    Sprawling over numerous floors that go back in time the deeper you head into the basement, this museum covers 5,000 years of history under one roof, and displays the nation’s finest art collection.

    Luxembourg City History Museum

    14 rue du Saint-Esprit
    L-2090 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Tel: 4796 4500
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Tue-Wed and Fri-Sun 1000-1800
    Thurs 1000-2000

    Cut into rock over several subterranean levels, the museum tells the story of the city, beginning from its official founding back in AD963.

    Chemin de la Corniche

    Chemin de la Corniche
    L-1645 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Stroll along this road overlooking the Alzette Valley, and it’s easy to understand why it was once famously billed as the ‘most beautiful balcony in Europe’.

    Musée Dräi Eechelen

    5 Park Dräi Eechelen
    L-1499 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Tel: 264 335
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Thurs-Mon 1000-1800
    Wed 1000-2000

    A former fort guarding the Alzette Valley, the recently restored ‘Three Acorns’ now houses a museum telling the story of the city fortifications.

    Casino Luxembourg

    41 rue Notre-Dame
    L-2240 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Tel: 225 045
    Show on map

    Opening times:
    Mon, Wed and Fri 1100-1900
    Thurs 1100-2000
    Sat-Sun 1100-1800

    Not a place for gambling away your life savings, this former casino now hosts challenging and cutting-edge contemporary art exhibitions.

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    Country information

    Country overview

    Luxemburg is an attractive country with a green and picturesque landscape of rolling hills and valleys, and many close-packed man-made historical sites – including a relatively large number of castles. The latter betray the country’s historical importance brought about by its strategic position right at the very heart of continental Europe.

    Despite its compact size, visitors may be surprised to discover it boasts an impressive variety of natural forests, vineyards and striking sandstone rock formations, all of which are conveniently located within an easy striking distance of one another.

    Geography

    The Grand Duchy of Luxemburg shares borders to the north and west with Belgium, to the south with France and to the east with Germany. Although similar in size to a typical English county, there are a number of distinct geographical regions. Most of the northern half of the country is made up of the high plateau of the Ardennes, carved and scarred by a network of steep-sided thickly forested river valleys. Most of this region is around 500m (1,640ft) above sea level.

    The southern half – known locally the Gutland or Good Land – is gently rolling lowland, covered with woods and farmland, mostly sitting around 250m (820ft) above sea level.

    There are no towns of any significant size in the north; the south is more urbanised. In the southeast is the rich wine-growing valley of the Moselle river, which enjoys a unique microclimate well-suited to the cultivation of grapes. The area around Echternach, Larochette and Beaufort is a spectacular region of narrow sandstone micro-gorges and thick forest, which was christened ‘Little Switzerland’ by early tourists. The capital meanwhile, Luxemburg City, is built on a rocky outcrop overlooking the two adjoining gorges of the Alzette and Pétrusse valleys.

    General knowledge

    Key facts

    Population: 514862

    Population Density (per sq km): 199

    Capital: Luxemburg (City).

    Language

    Lëtzeburgesch, a German-Moselle-Frankish dialect, became the third officially recognised national language in 1984, joining French and German. Native-born Luxemburgers are trilingual. French and German are generally used for administrative and commercial purposes, and in the media, but many nationals will use Lëtzeburgesch at home and when socialising with one another. Reflecting the international make up of Luxemburg City and the fact that many residents are not native-born, French is the most common lingua franca in the capital. Many Luxemburgers also speak excellent English, especially in areas frequented by tourists.

    Currency

    Euro (€) = 100 cents. Notes are in denominations of €500, 200, 100, 50, 20, 10 and 5. Coins are in denominations of €2 and 1, and 50, 20, 10, 5, 2 and 1 cents. In practice, higher domination notes (above €100) are rarely seen in circulation; 1 and 2 cent coins are regarded as a nuisance and rarely used.

    Electricity

    220 volts AC, 50Hz. European round two-pin plugs are used.

    General business opening hours

    Generally Mon-Fri 0830-1200 and 1400-1800.

    Public holidays

    Below are listed Public Holidays for the January 2014-December 2015 period.

    Note

    Holidays falling on Sunday may be deferred to the following Monday, for a maximum of two holidays.

    2014

    New Year’s Day: 01. January 2014
    Easter Monday: 21. April 2014
    Labour Day: 01. May 2014
    Ascension Day: 29. May 2014
    Whit Monday: 09. June 2014
    National Day: 23. June 2014
    Assumption: 15. August 2014
    Luxemburg City Kermesse: 01. September 2014
    All Saints’ Day: 01. November 2014
    Christmas Day: 25. December 2014
    St Stephen’s Day: 26. December 2014

    2015

    New Year’s Day: 01. January 2015
    Easter Monday: 06. April 2015
    Labour Day: 01. May 2015
    Ascension Day: 14. May 2015
    Whit Monday: 25. May 2015
    National Day: 23. June 2015
    Assumption: 15. August 2015
    Luxemburg City Kermesse: 07. September 2015
    All Saints’ Day: 01. November 2015
    Christmas Day: 25. December 2015
    St Stephen’s Day: 26. December 2015

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    Nightlife in Luxemburg

    ListMap

    Many bars in the upper town are filled with expats working for the many banks, multinationals and EU institutions.

    Locals head down to Rives de Clausen, where the focus is on loud music and dancing.

    Go Ten

    10 rue du Marché-aux-Herbes
    L-1728 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Popular central bar with a Japanese tinge to the décor and the bar snacks.

    Zanzen

    27-29 rue Notre Dame
    L-2090 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Stylish modern bar, the perfect place for an aperitif.

    Serge

    17 Rue du Saint Esprit
    L-1475 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Cosy cocktail bar where the music gets louder as the evening progresses.

    Verso

    17 Rives de Clausen
    L-2165 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    All the bars on Rives de Clausen have coloured lights and DJs cranking up the music, but insiders put this a notch above the rest.

    Den Atelier

    54 rue de Hollerich
    L-1740 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    The city’s principal rock music venue, with regular performances by international acts.

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    Restaurants in Luxembourg

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    If there’s one thing Luxembourgers are more proud of than anything else, it’s their food.

    From world-class modern innovation to hearty Germanic-style tradition, you will never go hungry here.

    Mosconi

    13 rue Münster
    L-2160 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Price: Expensive

    Simply put: one of the finest Italian restaurants you’ll find outside of Italy, prepared by a Michelin-starred chef.

    Clairefontaine

    9 place de Clairefontaine
    L-1341 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Price: Expensive

    Michelin-starred city stalwart serving refined French-influenced fare.

    Caves Gourmandes

    32 rue de l'Eau
    L-1449 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Price: Moderate

    Swanky French food served in the impressive surrounds of a medieval stone cellar.

    Mesa Verde

    11 rue du Saint Esprit
    L-1475 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Price: Moderate

    A colourfully decorated haven for vegetarians and fish lovers. Meat addicts need not apply.

    Oberweis

    1, rue G. Kroll
    L-1882 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Price: Budget

    Multi-storey city institution with a bakery/chocolatier below and a café above serving sweet and savoury delights. Everyone comes here sooner or later.

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    Calendar of events

    Summer in the City

    21 June – 14 September 2014
    Website

    Venue: Various locations, Luxembourg City.

    Staged at a number of indoor and outdoor venues across the centre of Luxembourg City, this is a three-month series of musical events that take place throughout the summer. Most performances are free – for an agenda, pick up a free brochure from the Luxembourg City Tourist Office, or visit the website.

    Grevenmacher Wine Festival (Fête du Raisin et du Vin)

    12 – 14 September 2014

    Venue: Central Grevenmacher.

    One of Luxembourg’s two biggest festivals to celebrate the grape harvest, stalls around Grevenmacher – capital of the Moselle region, 28km (17 miles) east of Luxembourg City – sell wine, food and other souvenirs, while marching bands play on the streets. The culmination of the Saturday evening (at 2145) is a firework display on the Moselle river. On Sunday a carnival parade begins at 1500 – people walking beside the floats dispense wine to anyone with a glass.

    Riesling Open

    14 – 21 September 2014

    Venue: Ehnen, Wormeldange, Ahn and Machtum.

    Centred in four Moselle villages within 30km (18 miles) of Luxembourg City, all the local wineries throw open their doors to celebrate the harvest, with plentiful opportunities to sample their produce. To get between each locality, a free shuttle bus runs half-hourly in each direction, while the cruise ship MV Princess Marie-Astrid also makes the same round trip at a slower pace on the Sunday, and is free for one day only.

    Nëssmoort (Vianden Nut Market)

    12 October 2014

    Venue: Grand Rue, Vianden.

    Taking place on a Sunday (usually the second) in mid-October, Vianden’s festival of nuts offers a chance to try walnuts not just as whole nuts, but also in the form of bread, cakes, sausages, and a variety of liqueurs. The latter are particularly popular and things can get rowdy by early evening. Vianden is located 50km (31 miles) north of Luxembourg City.

    Christmas markets

    23 November – 24 December 2014

    Venue: Various, the largest is Place d’Armes, Luxembourg City.

    Christmas markets are popular throughout the country, and take place throughout December. The largest is held on the Place d’Armes in Luxembourg City until and including Christmas Eve. It offer a good opportunity to stock up on festive decorations while enjoying warming sausage and glühwein, and is part of the city’s Winter Lights festival (www.winterlights.lu).

    Echternach International Festival

    11 May – 5 December 2015
    Website

    Venue: Various, Echternach.

    For six weeks from mid-May to late June, Echternach becomes the focus of attention for classical and jazz music enthusiasts, who converge on the town for a season of musical events at several venues. Many of the concerts are now performed inside a new purpose-built 650-seat arena, the Trifolion, which opened in 2010. Echternach is located 30km (18 miles) northeast of Luxembourg City.

    Echternach Dancing Procession

    26 May 2015
    Website

    Venue: Central Echternach.

    Held each Whit Tuesday since medieval times, this is an unusual dancing procession with obscure origins, the cultural significance of which has been recognised with a UNESCO listing. Believed to pay homage to the city’s founder St Willibrord, teams of dancers dressed in white and interspersed by bands, hop and skip together around the town streets and up to his tomb in the abbey basilica. Around 12,000 dancers and musicians take part. Echternach is located 30km (18 miles) northeast of Luxembourg City.

    Luxembourg National Day

    22 – 23 June 2015

    Venue: Nationwide.

    A national holiday held to celebrate the Grand Duke of Luxembourg’s official birthday. The day itself is a fairly formal occasion, but parties are held across the country the evening before (22nd), lasting into the early hours. The centrepiece of the celebrations is in Luxembourg City, where a large musical firework display starts at 2330, centred on Pont Adolphe.

    Wiltz Festival (Festival de Wiltz)

    27 June – 27 July 2015
    Website

    Venue: Wiltz Castle.

    Offering a mix of classical music, opera, jazz and dance featuring international artists, this has been held every July in the northern town of Wiltz (60km/37 miles north of Luxembourg City) since 1953, and become Luxembourg’s biggest annual musical festival. Everything from opera and classical to jazz is represented. Performances are held on a leafy outdoor stage beside the town’s castle, which acts as a floodlit backdrop. Visit the festival website or ask in the tourist office for details.

    Vianden Medieval Festival

    26 July – 3 August 2015
    Website

    Venue: Grand Rue, Vianden & Vianden Castle.

    Held over eight days in early August, the centre of Vianden and the grounds of its castle are transformed into a large medieval market and funfair, with stalls leather goods, toy swords, jewellery and hot snacks. There are also demonstrations of weaving, a smithy, and recreations of sword and axe fights, as well as a chance to try archery. Despite the name, the festival’s historical origins only stretch back one decade. Vianden is located 50km (31 miles) north of Luxembourg City.

    All information subject to change. Please check the dates on the relevant event organizer’s website.

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    Hotels in Luxembourg

    ListMap

    Catering to the business crowd, Luxembourg’s central hotels are often full on weekdays. Budget options are a rarity.

    At weekends however, room rates plummet even in the most exclusive places.

    Le Royal

    12 boulevard Royal
    L-2449 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Category: Expensive

    The last word in luxury, with marble everywhere, and a host of spa facilities to help you unwind.

    Le Place d’Armes

    18 place d'Armes
    L-1136 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Category: Expensive

    Luxury accommodation in a series of interconnected historic buildings, right on the main square.

    Simoncini

    6 rue Notre-Dame
    L-2240 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Category: Moderate

    Stylish design hotel with an art gallery annex, in the heart of the city.

    Meliá Luxembourg

    10 Park Dräi Eechelen
    L-1499 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Category: Moderate

    Modern and comfortable design accommodation on the Kirchberg Plateau.

    Bristol

    11 rue de Strasbourg
    L-2561 Luxembourg
    Luxembourg
    Show on map

    Category: Budget

    Opposite the main station, this is a rare budget hotel in the city centre.

    Flight and accommodation

    Good to know

    Best time to visit

    Today: Saturday, 01.11.2014 05:00

    fog

    temperature


    10°C


    50°F

    wind direction

    south

    wind speed

    1.875 mph

    humidity

    93%

    7 days forecast

    Sunday

    02.11.2014

    14°C / 8°C

    57°F / 46°F

    Monday

    03.11.2014

    13°C / 9°C

    55°F / 48°F

    Tuesday

    04.11.2014

    11°C / 7°C

    52°F / 45°F

    Wednesday

    05.11.2014

    10°C / 6°C

    50°F / 43°F

    Thursday

    06.11.2014

    10°C / 2°C

    50°F / 36°F

    Friday

    07.11.2014

    10°C / 2°C

    50°F / 36°F

    Saturday

    08.11.2014

    9°C / 6°C

    48°F / 43°F

    Climate & best time to visit Luxembourg

    Warm weather can generally be expected from May to September. Snow is not uncommon during the winter months, especially in the higher Ardennes regions in the northern half of the country, but this is less reliable than it once was, and has led to the virtual eradication of the former (albeit small) cross-country skiing industry.

    The north (the Ardennes region) tends to be slightly wetter and slightly colder than the south at all times of year. As has been seen in other regions, weather patterns have become far less predictable in recent years than they used to be, and visitors should be braced for anything whenever they travel.

    Restaurants, hotels and most visitor attractions in Luxembourg City remain open all year round, and there is no specific high or low season, although certain peak times such as the National Day in June, Easter and Christmas can become booked out well in advance. Many other parts of the country however experience a very distinct low season in January and February, and tourist grinds to a halt in much of the Ardennes. Many smaller hotels and some restaurants shut completely during the winter months, and establishments that remain open often have limited opening hours.

    Autumn can be a good time to visit the north as the annual turning of the leaves is a wonderful and free natural spectacle, many country hotels have open fires going, and the restaurants offer seasonal menus featuring local game.

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    Phone calls & Internet

    Telephone/Mobile Telephone

    Dialing Code: +352

    Telephone

    Public telephone boxes are becoming fewer in number as the growth in mobile phone use reduces the need for them. Using one requires either a phone card (available from newsagents and post offices) or a credit card. Coin-operated phones have been phased out.

    Mobile Telephone

    Roaming agreements exist with most international mobile phone companies. Coverage is excellent.

    Internet

    There are few internet cafes in Luxembourg, but most hotels offer Wi-Fi services either free or for a small fee. The internet terminals in Luxembourg City’s municipal library (off Place d’Armes) are free to use. Many cafés are also free Wi-Fi hotspots. Hot City (www.hotcity.lu/www_laptop_en) is a pay-to-use wireless network accessible throughout Luxembourg City.

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    Shopping in Luxembourg

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    Key Areas

    Upmarket designer boutiques selling watches, jewellery and high fashion line both Grand Rue and Rue Philippe II. More down to earth items are found in the streets surrounding Place d’Armes and Place Guillaume II. The high-street chains are located on and around Avenue de la Gare.

    If you can’t find what you need, the City Shopping info office at 2 Place d’Armes (open Tue-Sat 1100-1700) will point you in the right direction.

    Markets

    For fresh local food produce and other household goods, general markets are held on Place Guillaume II and Place de Paris on both Wednesday and Saturday.

    Shopping Centres

    To find all your daily needs under one giant roof, head for the Auchan Mall on the Kirchberg Plateau, which is home to more than 60 shops on two levels. Other shopping malls are generally located in the satellite towns surrounding the capital.

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    Traveller etiquette

    Social Conventions

    Handshaking is the normal greeting for men and women on a first meeting. Once you are familiar with a person, three kisses on alternate cheeks is the normal greeting between men and women, and between women. The code of practice for visiting someone’s home is similar to that of other Western European countries: it is common practice to give a small gift or flowers if you are invited for a meal. Smart-casual or casual dress is widely acceptable, but some dining rooms, clubs and social functions will demand more formal attire.

    Smoking is prohibited in most public areas, and since January 2014, the law has changed to explicitly prohibit smoking in cafés, bars and clubs. Some venues will still be able to offer separate smoking rooms. Following the trend across the rest of Western Europe and North America, the habit is also becoming less socially acceptable.

    Flight and accommodation

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    Health

    Main emergency number: 112

    Food & Drink

    Tap water is safe to drink everywhere in Luxembourg. Most Luxembourgers drink bottled mineral water, but this is a taste preference, and not based on any perceived medical risk. Food served in restaurants is generally prepared to exacting hygiene standards and poses no specific risks. As anywhere, travellers’ diarrhoea can strike those without strong constitutions, but this can be caused by a change of water supply and is not necessarily a sign of infection. As with anywhere, shellfish can be a problem, so exercise reasonable caution, although incidences of infection are rare and isolated.

    Other Risks

    Rabies may be present in wildlife. For those at high risk, vaccination before arrival should be considered. If you are bitten, seek medical advice without delay. There is a slight risk of Lime Disease (carried by deer ticks) in rural areas, but cases are exceedingly rare and normal precautions (wearing long trousers when walking through thickly forested areas) are sufficient. Avoid drinking water directly from streams. Insect bites, particularly from horseflies, can also be a factor in rural areas, but these are more of a nuisance than a serious issue, resulting in swelling and itching rather than major health problem. Consider carrying some form of anti-histamine cream as relief if you are planning on doing any hiking.

    Flight and accommodation

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